D. Magnetism Part I
19.1 Magnets, Magnetic Poles, Magnetic Field Direction
2, 4, 5 (ask about 4 and 5 in class if you don’t understand)
2: South pole of a compass is the north pole of a magnet
19.2 Magnetic Field strength and magnetic force
6 – 12, 15, 16, 18, 19
7: Point fingers (of right hand) in direction of + charge and thumb in direction of deflection. Curl your fingers to determine B.
10: a) charges of 1 and 3 are equal in magnitude but opposite in sign. You decide which one is + and which is -. Obviously, charge #2 is neutral. B) Heavy masses can’t be deflected as well)
11: draw it with Ď (B field into the page) and ť (B field out of the page)
12: F = qvBsinq
15: mass of proton = 1.67 x 10-27kg. Charge on proton = 1.6 x 10-19C. Assume the particle is ^ to the field so q = 90)
16: electrons are deflected in the opposite direction of protons. If it were a proton, your thumb would point in the direction of deflection (force). But, since this is an electron, your thumb should be oriented in the direction OPPOSITE of the deflection (eg, it should point up along the +y axis, not down along the –y axis)
18: EASY!!!!! But, realize there are two answers.
19: Point your fingers in the direction of the proton’s velocity and curl them up to 37o. Where your thumb points is the direction of the deflection. Don’t forget your old friend F=ma to determine the acceleration.
19.3 Electromagnetism – the source of magnetic fields
20-23 (draw these out!!!!) 28, 29, 34, 37, 38, 39
28: a. The fields are equal in magnitude but opposite in direction. Therefore, midway between them there will be no net field. (ask yourself this, however, would there be a field between them at a point which was not mid-way? The answer is YES, do you understand why?). b. the distance will be 0.25m since that is one half the distance between the wires which are separated by a distance of 0.5m.
29: Both will be the same so you need only solve for one. Let us solve for the point B which is in the left side of the figure. At that point, the field from the left wire is coming out of the page 0.15 m from that left wire. Also, at that point, the field created by the right wire is coming out of the page but it is 0.20 m + 0.15 m = 0.35 m away from the right wire. Solve for Bleft and Bright and add ‘em up!).
34: Earth’s magnetic field ad the equator is 1 x 10-5T. Notice how small of a current it takes to beat the Earth’s magnetic field.
37: B=monI where n = #of turns/meter)
38: solve for Binner and Bouter. Realize that their fields are in opposite direction. So, you need to subtract them.
39: Notice B2 will go straight down through the yellow plane. Notice that B1 will go straight OUT along the yellow plane. Therefore, B1^B2 and the resultant vector can then be found by Pythagorean theorem.
4: ask in class
8: into the page
10: particle 1 is negative, 2 is neutral, 3 is positive
16: 1.0 x 10-6T in –z direction (-z is into the page. +z is out of the page)
18: 30o and 150o
28: a) 0 (only at the midpoint!!!!!) b) 6.4 x 10-6T
34: 1.6 A
38: 8.8 x10-2T